And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is: “Hear, Israel. The Lord our God is one Lord” (Mark 12:29)
The following are a series of quotes taken from the Old and New Testaments. The Old Testament quotations are on the left with the New Testament quotations on the right. The NT references in the right hand column are quotes from the OT and what you will notice is that in the first series of quotes where the name Jehovah appears in the OT it has been substituted with the title Lord when quoted in the NT. The Lord is Jesus Christ, Jesus Himself said to His disciples, You call Me the Teacher, and, the Lord. And you say well, for I AM. John 13:13 The same person is the subject of the OT and NT references, these are not two persons being spoken about but One and the same God.
Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God is one Jehovah. And you shall love Jehovah your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might. (Deuteronomy 6:4,5)
And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is: “Hear, Israel. The Lord our God is one Lord, and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all your mind, and with all your strength.” This is the first commandment. (Mark 12:29,30)
The voice of him who cries in the wilderness: Prepare the way of Jehovah; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. (Isaiah 40:3)
And you, child, will be called Prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways, (Luke 1:76)
It is God Himself who is born into the world (Matthew 1:23) as a child who we see is called amongst other titles The Everlasting Father. (Isaiah 9:6) Jesus calls Himself the Father (John 14:9) and in the Jewish mind to call oneself the Son of God was to attribute divinity to oneself which made one God; equal here (John 5:18) means same as.
So, The Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold! The virgin will conceive and will bring forth a son; and she shall call His name Immanuel. (Isaiah 7:14)
“Behold! The virgin will conceive in her womb and will bear a son, and they will call His name Emmanuel” (which translated is, God with us). (Matthew 1:23)
For a Child is born; to us a Son is given; and the government is on His shoulder; and His name is called Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6)
And Philip said to Him, Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us. Jesus said to him, Am I so long a time with you, and you have not known Me, Philip? The one seeing Me has seen the Father! And how do you say, Show us the Father? (John 14:8,9)
He said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God. (John 5:18)
It is clear from the left hand column that Jehovah is the Saviour and that He states that there is no Saviour besides Him (Isaiah 43:11; 45:21). If this is true then Jesus Christ must be Jehovah for He is called the Saviour (Luke 2:11).
And one shall say in that day, Behold, this is our God; we have waited for Him, and He will save us. This is Jehovah; we have waited for Him; we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation. (Isaiah 25:9)
And the angel said to them, Do not fear. For, behold, I proclaim good news to you, a great joy, which will be to all people, (Luke 2:11) because today a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord, was born to you in the city of David. (Luke 2:10)
Paul or Saul was a Jew, in fact he called himself a Pharisee of the Pharisees and it’s important to appreciate that as a Jew he believed what the Pharisees believed concerning Jehovah, that He was God and that God was One. He knew the Scriptures and clearly saw Jesus Christ as their fulfilment. When Paul was converted and acknowledged Jesus Christ as his Saviour there would have been no distinction in His mind between the God of the Jewish Scriptures and Jesus, for him they were one and the same. This is borne out in his comments in his letter to Timothy Jesus is the Saviour (1Timothy 1:1). He is the living God (1Timothy 4:10). In his letter to Titus this is the same God of the Old Testament (Titus 1:1) who is Saviour (Titus 1:3) even our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ (Titus 2:13) who regenerates and renews us (Titus 3:4-6).
I, I am Jehovah; and there is no Saviour besides Me. (Isaiah 43:11)
Declare and bring near; yea, let them consult together. Who has revealed this of old; who has told it from then? Is it not I, Jehovah? And there is no God other than Me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none except Me. (Isaiah 45:21)
Paul an apostle of Jesus Christ according to a command of God our Saviour, even the Lord Jesus Christ, our Hope. (1Timothy 1:1)
For to this we also labor and are reproached, because we hope on the living God, who is Saviour of all men, especially of believers. (1 Timothy 4:10)
Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other. (Isaiah 45:22)
Paul, a slave of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ according to the faith of the elect of God and full knowledge of the truth according to godliness, on hope of eternal life which the God who does not lie promised before the eternal times, but revealed in its own times in a proclamation of His Word, with which I was entrusted by the command of our Saviour God; (Titus 1:1-3)
Our Redeemer; Jehovah of Hosts is His name, the Holy One of Israel. (Isaiah 47:4)
Let slaves be subject to their own masters, well-pleasing in all things, not speaking against them, not stealing, but showing all good faith, that they may adorn the doctrine of our Saviour God in all things. For the saving grace of God has appeared to all men, instructing us that having denied ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live discreetly and righteously and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and appearance of the glory of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ. (Titus 2:9-13)
You shall also suck the milk of nations, and you shall suck the breast of kings. And you shall know that I, Jehovah, am your Saviour and your Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob. (Isaiah 60:16)
But when the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works in righteousness which we had done, but according to His mercy, He saved us through the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom He poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ, our Saviour; (Titus 3:4-6)
Yet I am Jehovah, your God from the land of Egypt; and you shall know no other gods than Me. For there is no Saviour besides Me. (Hosea 13:4)
and there is salvation in no other One, for neither is there any other name under Heaven having been given among men by which we must be saved. (Acts 4:12)
Like Paul, Peter was also a Jew who also worshiped Jesus Christ as God and Saviour again the point is made that to the Jewish mind there is only one God and in this mind Jehovah and Jesus are not two but One and the same God. (2Peter 1:1). For John, also a Jew, Jesus Christ is the true God and life everlasting (1John 5:20) Jesus Himself said I am the way, the truth and the life. Simon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those equally precious with us, having obtained faith in the righteousness of our God and our Saviour, Jesus Christ: (2 Peter 1:1) And we know that the Son of God has come, and He has given to us an understanding that we may know the true One, and we are in the true One, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and the life everlasting. (1 John 5:20) Jehovah is the creator and there is no other, the Lord Jesus Christ is the creator for He is the Word by means of which all things that are came into being. Jehovah and Jesus are the same creator.
So says Jehovah, your Redeemer and your Former from the womb; I am Jehovah who makes all things; stretching out the heavens, I alone spreading out the heavens. Who was with Me, (Isaiah 44:24)
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and without Him not even one thing came into being that has come into being. (John 1:1-3)
Again as above in the first group of Scriptures there is a clear unity between the Old and New Testament references to Jehovah and Jesus (glorified and risen), in this case both are the First and the Last.
So says Jehovah, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, Jehovah of Hosts: I am the First, and I am the Last; and there is no God except Me. (Isaiah 44:6)
I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the Ending, says the Lord, the One who is, and who was, and who is coming, the Almighty. (Revelation 1:8)
I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the Ending, the First and the Last. (Revelation 22:13)
Both Jehovah and Jesus have the divine title Holy One.
For your Maker is your husband; Jehovah of Hosts is His name; and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel; He is called the God of all the earth. (Isaiah 54:5)
saying, What is to us and to You, Jesus, Nazarene? Have You come to destroy us? I know You, who You are, the Holy One of God. (Mark 1:24)
Finally perhaps the most powerful statement of all is Jesus’ own use of the Divine name I AM in reference to Himself (John 8:58) Those to whom he directed this statement were in no doubt as to its claim of Divinity seen in their response (John 8:59)
And Moses said to God, Behold, I shall come to the sons of Israel and say to them, the God of your fathers has sent me to you; and they will say to me, What is His name? What shall I say to them? And God said to Moses, I AM THAT I AM; (Exodus 3:13,14)
Your father Abraham leaped for joy that he should see My day, and he saw, and rejoiced. Then the Jews said to Him, You do not yet have fifty years, and have You seen Abraham? Jesus said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, and He said, You shall say this to the sons of Israel, I AM has sent me to you. Before Abraham came to be, I AM! Because of this, they took up stones that they might throw them on Him. But Jesus was hidden, and went forth out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by. (John 8:56-59)
- God is One
- Since God is One, then Jesus Christ is God, and in his redeeming work with us is the One and Only God of Heaven and Earth
- Attributes and qualities that are exclusively attributable to God in the Old Testament are attributed to Jesus Christ in the New Testament
- Quotations from the Old Testament in the New Testament substitute Jesus Christ or Lord for Jehovah
- Paul, John and Peter held no notion of God other than that of being One in keeping with the Jewish idea of God and as is shown in the quotes given from their writings this God is Jesus Christ. It would take some 300 years for the formulation of an idea of God being a Trinity of persons to come into being.
- Paul made this abundantly clear in his statement to the Colossians, In Christ Jesus all the fullness of the Godhead dwells bodily (Col 2:9). This statement can mean nothing else other than that Paul understood Jesus Christ to be Divine and so the One and Only God
- Jesus in reference to Himself declared Himself to be the I AM and in so doing categorically declared Himself to be the full manifestation of the Divine Being itself in Human form.